Building construction tells you about home designing in a broader sense, on this time I will share you several things about building construction, Man requires different types of building for his activities: houses, bungalows and flats for his living; hospitals and health center for his health; schools, university and college for his education, etc. The building design has traditionally been the responsibility of the architect, through the building construction has been responsibility of the civil engineer. The main considerations in architectural design of buildings for all purposes are as follows:
– Climate and its effect
– People and their requirements
– Materials for constructions and method of constructions
– Local regulations
Types of Building Construction
Building is any structure for whatsoever purpose and whatsoever materials constructed and every part thereof whether used as human habitation or not and includes foundations, plinth, walls, floors, roofs, chimneys, plumbing and building services, fixed platforms, verandah, balcony cornice or projection, part of a building or ay thing affixed thereto or any wall enclosing or intended ti enclose any land or space and signs and outdoor display structures.
– Residential Buildings
– Educational Buildings
– Institutional Buildings
– Assembly Buildings
– Business Buildings
– Mercantile Buildings
– Industrial Buildings
– Storage Buildings
– Hazardous Building
Components of a building construction
A building has two basic parts, Sub-structure or foundations and Super-structure. Sub-structure or foundation is the lower partition of the building, usually located below the ground level, which transmits the loads of the super-structure to the supporting soil. A foundation is therefore that part of the structure which is in direct contact with the ground to which the loads are transmitted.
Super-structure is that part of the structure which is above ground level, and which serves the purpose of its intended use. A part of the super-structure, located between the ground level and the floor level is known as plinth.
Building Construction Component: Foundation